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Trump to sign 4 executive orders on coronavirus aid

President Trump announced on Saturday he will sign four executive orders to provide relief from economic damage sustained during the coronavirus pandemic after talks between the White House and Democratic leadership collapsed Friday afternoon.

Why it matters: Because the Constitution gives Congress the power to appropriate federal spending, Trump has limited authority to act unilaterally — and risks a legal challenge if congressional Democrats believe he has overstepped.

The president said the orders:

  1. Defers payroll taxes for Americans earning less than $100,000 a year.
  2. Implements a moratorium on evictions and give financial assistance to renters.
  3. Adds an additional $400 per week in extra unemployment benefits through the end of 2020.
  4. Postpones student loan interest and payments through the end of 2020.

What he's saying: “Through these four actions, my administration will provide immediate and vital relief to Americans struggling in this difficult time," Trumps said at the Saturday afternoon press conference.

Of note: The president also floated eliminating the payroll tax for Americans earning less than $100,000 a year if he is reelected in November.

Context: Talks between administration officials and Democratic leaders ended on Friday evening with no agreement and no additional talks scheduled.

  • Republicans proposed a $1 trillion plan, while Democrats asked for $3.4 trillion before lowering their request to $2 trillion.

The big picture: It's also unknown whether these orders are an adequate response to the current needs of the country.

  • 29 million adults reported that their household didn’t get enough to eat for the week ending July 7, while states currently face estimated budgets shortfalls of $555 billion through 2022, according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.
  • In order to pay for the the deficits, states may have to layoff employees and cut education, health care and services if they do not receive additional federal aid.
  • It's also unclear how suspending payroll taxes will help the millions of unemployed Americans who are not receiving paychecks.

Flashback: This is not the first time Trump has tried to bypass Congress on spending.

  • He declared a national emergency in 2019 to shift billions of dollars from the Pentagon budget to help pay for his proposed wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.

Trump and Xi to give dueling speeches Tuesday at UN General Assembly

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Why it matters: The ruling, unless overturned, "means that the outcome of the presidential race in Wisconsin likely will not be known for days after polls close," according to AP.

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Why it matters: Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.) has said "nothing is off the table next year" if Republicans push ahead with the confirmation vote before November, vowing alongside Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) to use "every procedural tool available to us to ensure that we buy ourselves the time necessary."

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House Democrats file legislation to fund government through Dec. 11

House Democrats on Monday released their proposal for short-term legislation to fund the government through December 11.

Why it matters: This is Congress' chief legislative focus before the election. They must pass a continuing resolution (CR) before midnight on Oct. 1 to avoid a government shutdown — something both Hill leaders and the White House have claimed is off the table.

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Trump announces new Iran sanctions in effort to maintain international arms embargo

President Trump signed an executive order on Monday that would impose sanctions on any person or entity that contributes to the supply, sale, or transfer of conventional arms to or from Iran or is engaged in providing training and financial support related to those weapons.

Why it matters: The executive order is the first step by the Trump administration to put teeth into its claim that international sanctions on Iran were restored over the weekend, one month after the U.S. initiated the "snapback" process under a United Nations Security Council resolution.

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Exclusive: Conservative group launches $2M Supreme Court ad

The Judicial Crisis Network is launching a $2.2 million ad campaign to put pressure on vulnerable Senate Republicans in battleground states to support a quick confirmation when President Trump announces his Supreme Court nominee.

The big picture: "Follow Precedent," previewed by Axios, is one of the first national and cable television ads to run following Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg's death Friday.

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