The Biden administration unveiled its first budget proposal to Congress on Friday, offering a glimpse into President Biden's policy agenda for the 2022 fiscal year.
Why it matters: The $1.52 trillion budget proposal outlines top-line figures for Biden's major priorities, though it will ultimately be up to Congress to begin the lengthy appropriations process and allocate funding to federal agencies.
Driving the news: Biden is asking Congress for $715 billion for the Department of Defense in part to "counter the threat from China," which the proposal names as the Pentagon's "top challenge."
By the numbers
Department of Agriculture: $27.8 billion, up 16% from 2021
- $1.7 billion to address the threat of wildfires, up $476 million from 2021
- $6.7 billion for nutrition programs like food stamps, up $1 billion from 2021
Department of Commerce: $11.4 billion, up 28% from 2021
- $442 million for programs supporting domestic manufacturing, more than double 2021
Department of Defense: $715 billion, up 1.5% from 2021
- Goals include deterring China and Russia, modernizing nuclear deterrent, promoting climate resilience, countering emerging biological threats.
Department of Education: $29.8 billion, up 41% from 2021
- $36.5 billion for Title I grant to students in high-poverty schools, up $20 billion from 2021
- $15.5 billion to support children with disabilities
- Increases the maximum Pell grant by $400 and increases funding for HBCU's and low-resourced institutions by over $600 million
Department of Energy: $46.1 billion, up 10.2% from 2021
- $1.9 billion for clean energy projects
Department of Health and Human Services: $131.7 billion, up 23.5% from 2021
- $8.7 billion for the CDC, up $1.6 billion from 2021
- $10.7 billionto help end the opioid epidemic, up $3.9 billion from 2021
- $1.6 billion mental health block grants, more than double 2021 levels
- $4.3 billion for Office of Refugee Resettlement
- $489 million for domestic violence survivors, more than double 2021 levels
Department of Homeland Security: $52 billion, about equal to 2021
- $1.2 billion for border infrastructure
- $2.1 billion for cyber agency, up $110 million from 2021
- $131 million to address domestic terrorism, complementing DOJ
Department of Housing and Urban Development: $68.7 billion, up 15% from 2021
- $30.4 billionfor housing vouchers and to help address homelessness
Department of the Interior: $17.4 billion, up 16% from 2021
- $4 billion to fund tribal programs, up $600 million from 2021
- $340 million to address wildfires
Department of Justice: $35.2 billion, up 5.3% from 2021
- $209 million for civil rights enforcement, up $33 million from 2021
- $2.1 billionfor combating gun violence, up $232 million from 2021
- $1.2 billion for community policing programs, up $304 million from 2021
Department of Labor: $14.2 billion, up 14% from 2021
- $2.1 billion for worker protection agencies, up $304 million from 2021
Department of State and other international programs: $63.5 billion, up 12% from 2021
- $861 million for Central American aid, with four-year commitment of $4 billion
Department of Transportation: $25.6 billion, up 14% from 2021
- $625 million for new passenger rail
Department of Treasury: $14.9 billion, up 10.6% from 2021
Department of Veterans Affairs: $113.1 billion, up 8.2% from 2021
- $97.5 billion for VA Medical Care, up 8.5% from 2021
- $542 million for veteran suicide prevention, up nearly $230 million from 2021
The big picture: In total, the administration asked for $769 billion in non-defense spending, a 16% increase from the budget adopted for fiscal year 2021, and $753 billion in national defense programs — almost a 2% increase.
- The budget proposal includes major new climate investments totaling $14 billion more than 2021 levels across nearly every agency.
What they're saying: “This moment of crisis is also a moment of possibility,” wrote OMB Acting Director Shalanda Young in a letter to leaders of the House and Senate Appropriations and Budget Committees.
- “The upcoming appropriations process is another important opportunity to continue laying a stronger foundation for the future and reversing a legacy of chronic disinvestment in crucial priorities."
- "Together, America has a chance not simply to go back to the way things were before the COVID-19 pandemic and economic downturn struck, but to begin building a better, stronger, more secure, more inclusive America," Young added.